If registered, titled and insured, Low Speed Vehicles (LSVs), also known as Neighborhood Electric Vehicles (NEVs), may be legally driven at a maximum speed of 35 mph on public roads with a posted speed limit of 45 mph or less, unless a city or county ordinance prohibits their operation. The classification criteria per TxDMV is shown below and additional information is available at https://www.txdmv.gov/motorists/buying-or-selling-a-vehicle/off-highway-vehicles
A vehicle is classified as an LSV or NEV if it has:
• a normal maximum speed of 20-25 mph (LSV) or 20-35 mph (NEV)
• seat belts, headlights and tail lights
• a windshield
• a parking brake, brake lights and turn signals
• rear-view mirrors
• a valid 17-digit Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
All-Terrain Vehicles (ATVs) are regulated by state and federal laws. A vehicle is classified as an ATV if it:
• is equipped with a seat or seats for the use of the rider and a passenger and (if the motor vehicle is designed by the manufacturer to transport a passenger)
• has three or more wheels
• is not more than 50 inches wide
• s designed for off-highway use
• is not designed by the manufacturer for farm or lawn care
ATVs may not be driven on public roads unless the driver is:
• a farmer or a rancher traveling no more than 25 miles
• a public utility worker, or
• a law enforcement officer
ATVs driven on a public road must have a triangular orange flag on top of an eight-foot pole attached to the back of the vehicle. It must also have a brake system, a muffler system, a United States Forest Service qualified spark arrester, head and tail lights, and an Off Highway Vehicle decal issued by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department.
A Utility-Type vehicle (UTV) is defined as Recreational Off-Highway Vehicle (ROV), and is generally used for maintenance, hunting or recreation. ROVs must be titled but may not be driven on public roads unless owned by a state, county or city and operated on a public beach or highway to maintain public safety and welfare, if the driver is a public utility worker or a law enforcement officer.
• equipped with a seat or seats for the use of the rider and a passenger or passengers, if the vehicle is designed by the manufacturer to transport a passenger or passengers
• designed to propel itself with four or more tires in contact with the ground
• designed by the manufacturer for off-highway use and
• not designed by the manufacturer for farm or lawn care.
To be operated on public property, ROVs must have:
• a brake system
• a muffler system
• a United States Forest Service qualified spark arrester,
• head and tail light, and
• an Off Highway Vehicle decal issued by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department